TDAP vaccine is given to defend the body from 3 dreadful diseases Tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis. A person suffering from tetanus have severe muscle tightening and stiffness which are often painful and caused more commonly in head and neck. It can so severe that the person cant even open the mouth and swallow. It can block the windpipe and cause breathing problems.
Even after receiving medical care, 1 out of 10 people are dying. Diphtheria and Pertussis are related to throat problems. Diphtheria causes thick layer on the back of the throat. This narrows down the throat and causes breathing problems, heart failure, paralysis and even death. Pertussis causes severe cough which in turn causes breathing problems, vomiting, weight loss, incontinence, rib fractures and sleep disturbances. Sometimes, it can be severe and lead to pneumonia and death. Bacteria is the main cause of these diseases. As Diphtheria and Pertussis are throat related diseases, they are contagious and spread through coughing and sneezing. Tetanus spreads through cuts, or wounds.
TDAP vaccine is very important to protect against the mentioned diseases. It is generally given at the age of 11 or 12. This vaccine is very important especially for people who move a lot or are in contact with sick people like medical professionals and for those who are in regular contact with kids younger than 12 months. Pregnant women should be given with a dose of TDAP whenever she becomes pregnant. This protects the infants from getting the 3 diseases especially pertussis. Also, check vaccination during pregnancy and follow full vaccination chart here
TDAP Vaccine – When not to give
- Any person who has a severe allergic reaction to any component in the vaccine should not be given this vaccine. A person should know beforehand if he is allergic.
- If a person has seizures, severe pain after vaccination, nervous system problems, has Guillain Barre Syndrome(GBS) or not felt so good after the vaccination should immediately contact a doctor.
TDAP Vaccine – Risks involved
With any Vaccine or treatment, there are side effects involved. Below are some side effects:
- Pain, redness, or swelling where the shot was given.
- A headache, tiredness, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, chills, swollen glands, sore joints are all mild side effects.
- If a person suffers from swelling, severe pain, bleeding and redness in the entire arm, then that is not common and is a severe side effect and should consult a doctor immediately.
It is always best to monitor any changes after the vaccination in your body and intimate a doctor if anything is seriously bothering you like high fever, any allergic reaction or unusual behaviour.
TDAP Vaccine Price
TDAP vaccine costs you around 1300 rupees.
TDAP Vaccine Schedule
The TDAP vaccine dose is given in 0.5ml. For adults, who have not previously got the dose, 3 doses of vaccine are indicated. One of them need to be TDAP and the other 2 can be booster td vaccine. The first 2 doses are given 4 weeks apart and the third dose is given after 6-12 months. If an adult who wants to come in contact with an infant, did not get the vaccination before, need to get their shot before 2 weeks of the contact with the infant. Medical professionals who are in contact with the patients need to get a single dose of this vaccine. Women who plan on conceiving, need to get the vaccination done if they did not get it done previously. If the woman had her vaccination done 10 years prior, then one dose of TDAP is enough during her third trimester of pregnancy. Pregnant women who have already got the shots done in the preceding 10 years, need to get one dose of TDAP in the immediate postpartum period(old shot of vaccine need to be more than 2 years ago).
For adults, if they completed their vaccination in childhood, they need to get booster TD vaccine shots every 10 years until 65 years. For a child, TDAP vaccine is given in 3 doses. One dose in the age range of 7-10 years. Second dosage in the age range of 11-12 years and the third one in the age range of 13-18 years. First and the last dosage need to be given as indicated by specialists. Later, for every ten years, booster vaccination shots need to be taken.
Hence, with the above article, please do get the vaccination done and be safe from these diseases.